Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (2): 285-294    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.02.0285
黑河生态水文遥感试验     
黑河流域中游人工水循环系统在分水前后的变化
盖迎春, 李新, 田伟, 张艳林, 王维真, 胡晓利
中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000
The Impacts of Water Delivery on Artificial Hydrological circulation System of the Middle Reaches of the Heihe River Basin
GE Yingchun, LI Xin, TIAN Wei, ZHANG Yanlin, WANG Weizhen, HU Xiaoli
Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
 全文: PDF(6301 KB)   HTML
摘要:

介绍了黑河流域中游人工水文循环过程及其中各系统之间的关系,目标是为黑河流域生态—水文过程模拟提供一套较准确的数据集。利用张掖市水利年报、莺落峡水文站资料以及张掖市水资源管理年报等调查数据分析了黑河分水前后,2000年和2010年黑河流域中游引水、输水和用水系统的变化过程,得出以下结论:①人工水文循环过程通过引水系统、输水系统、储水系统和用水系统来影响农业水资源在时空上的分配,它是人类活动影响下的中游水文循环过程的重要组成部分;②2010年比2000年引水口门减少了26处,渠道综合水利用率提高了3.6%;③与2000年相比,2010年地表水和地下水资源开发利用在空间上产生了很大变化,地表水引水量减少了1.05亿m3,地下水开采量增加了1.64亿m3。最后,从径流、地下水、大气水方面分析了人工水循环过程对自然水循环过程的影响。

关键词: 人工水文结构黑河分水黑河流域灌溉水文模型    
Abstract:

Artificial hydrological circulation process, including four sub-system contributing to water withdrawal, water transfer, water saving, and water use, respectively, is presented. The relationship among subsystems is described. The objective of this paper is to provide sets of data related to artificial water circulation for the study of hydroecological processes in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin. The changes of sub-systems between the year of 2000 and that of 2010 are analyzed by investigating hydraulic engineering, water resources condition, crop pattern, and agricultural water management. The results show: ①hat artificial water circulation process is playing a role to control agricultural water allocation in time and space, and is an important part of hydrological circulation process of the middle reaches; ② that, in 2010, the number of water withdrawal gates decreases by 26 and channel water use efficiency increases by 3.6% as much as that in 2000; and ③ that there is considerable changes in water resources development and utilization from 2000 to 2010, including surface water withdrawal reduction of 1.05×109 m3, and groundwater exploitation increase of 1.64×109 m3. Finally, effects of artificial water cycle on natural hydrological circulation are analyzed from runoff, groundwater, and atmosphere water perspective.

Key words: Heihe River Basin    Irrigation.    Hydrology model    Water Allocation    Artificial hydrological circulation system
收稿日期: 2013-11-24 出版日期: 2014-02-10
:  P343.1  
基金资助:

本论文的完成十分感谢张掖市水务局各位领导支持,同时感谢几位审稿专家对本论文提出的重要的评论和建议。; 西部行动计划三期项目“黑河流域生态—水文遥感产品生产算法研究与应用试验”(编号:KZCX2-XB3-15); 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点项目“黑河流域生态—水文过程集成研究”(编号:91125001)资助.

作者简介: 盖迎春(1974-),男,河北行唐人,高级工程师,主要从事水资源管理、可持续发展、决策支持系统与GIS研究. E-mail:gtw@lzb.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
张艳林
田伟
李新
盖迎春
胡晓利
王维真

引用本文:

盖迎春, 李新, 田伟, 张艳林, 王维真, 胡晓利. 黑河流域中游人工水循环系统在分水前后的变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(2): 285-294.

GE Yingchun,LI Xin,TIAN Wei,ZHANG Yanlin,WANG Weizhen,HU Xiaoli. The Impacts of Water Delivery on Artificial Hydrological circulation System of the Middle Reaches of the Heihe River Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(2): 285-294.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.02.0285        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I2/285

[1]Nigel W A. Climate change and water resources in Britain[J]. Climatic Change, 1998,39: 83-110.
[2]Peter H G, Elizabeth L C. The impacts of climatic changes for water resources of the Colorado and Scramento-San Joaquin River Basins[J]. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 1999, 35(6): 1 429-1 441.
[3]Bart Nijssen, Greg M O’Donnell, Alan F H, et al. Hydrologic sensitivity of global rivers to climate change[J]. Climatic Change, 2001, 50: 143-175.
[4]Wang Hao, Wang Chengming, Wang Jianhua, et al. Binary annual runoff evolution and its application in Wuding River Basin[J]. Science in China (Series E), 2004,34(Suppl. I): 42-48.[王浩,王成明,王建华,等.二元年径流演化模式及其在无定河流域的应用[J].中国科学: E 辑, 2004,34(增刊I):42-48.]
[5]Wang Hao, Wang Jianhua, Qin Dayong, et al. Theory and methodology of water resources assessment based on dualistic water cycle model[J]. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 2006, 37(12): 1 497-1 503.[王浩,王建华,秦大庸,等.基于二元水循环模式的水资源评价理论方法[J].水利学报, 2006, 37(12): 1 497-1 503.]
[6]Li Wenjie, Wang Xingkui, Li Danxun, et al. A physically-based distributed watershed water erosion prediction model[J]. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering,2012,43(3):264-274.[李文杰,王兴奎,李丹勋,等.基于物理过程的分布式流域水沙预报模型[J].水利学报, 2012,43(3):264-274.]
[7]Li Xin, Cheng Guodong, Kang Ersi, et al. Digital Heihe River Basin. 3: Model integration[J]. Advances in Earth Science,2010,25(8): 851-865.[李新,程国栋,康尔泗,等.数字黑河的思考与实践3:模型集成[J].地球科学进展, 2010,25(8): 851-865.]
[8]Xiao Honglang, Cheng Guodong, Li Caizhi, et al. Eco-hydrological observational experiments of the Heihe River Basin and integrated eco-water management research at watershed scale[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2008,23(7): 666-670.[肖洪浪,程国栋,李彩芝,等.黑河流域生态—水文观测试验与水—生态集成管理研究[J].地球科学进展,2008,23(7): 666-670.]
[9]Li Xin, Cheng Guodong, Wu Lizong. Digital Heihe River Basin. 1: An information infrastructure for the watershed science[J]. Advances in Earth Science,2010,25(3): 297-305.[李新,程国栋,吴立宗.数字黑河的思考与实践1:为流域科学服务的数字流域[J].地球科学进展,2010,25(3): 297-305.]
[10]Liu Yachuan. Evolution of the Juyan Lake[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 1992,6(2): 10-19.[刘亚传.居延海的演变与环境变迁[J].干旱区资源与环境, 1992,6(2):10-19.]
[11]The Ministry of Water Resources of the People’s Republic of China. Recent Management and Plan of the Heihe River Basin[R]. Beijing: The Ministry of Water Resources Republic of the People’s of China, 2001.[中华人民共和国水利部. 黑河流域近期治理规划[R]. 北京: 中华人民共和国水利部, 2001.]
[12]Cao Wenbing, Wan Li, Zhou Xun, et al. Effects of variation in water environment on ecosystem in the lower reaches of the Heihe watershed[J]. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, 2004,(5): 21-24.[曹文炳,万力,周训,等.黑河下游水环境变化对生态环境的影响[J].水文地质工程地质, 2004,(5): 21-24.]
[13]Li Chuanzhe, Yu Fuliang, Liu Jia. Dynamic change of landscape and its driving forces in midstream of Heihe mainstream basin after water redistribution[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2009,29(11): 5832-5 842.[李传哲,于福亮,刘佳.分水后黑河干流中游地区景观动态变化及驱动力[J].生态学报, 2009,29(11): 5832-5 842.]
[14]Qiao Xixian, Jiang Xiaohui,Chen Jiangnan, et al. Effect of transferring water on ecological environment in east and west Juyanhai Lake at the lower reaches of Heihe River[J]. Journal of Northwest Agriculture & Forest University (Nature Science Edition),2007,35(6): 190-194.[乔西现,蒋晓辉,陈江南,等.黑河调水对下游东、西居延海生态环境的影响[J].西北农林科技大学学报:自然科学版, 2007,35(6): 190-194.]
[15]Zhang Guanghui, Liu Shaoyu, Zhang Cuiyun, et al. Evolution of water cycle and countermeasure of water resource sustainable Utilization in Heihe River Basin[J]. Geography and Geo-information Science,2004,20(1):63-66.[张光辉,刘少玉,张翠云,等.黑河流域水循环演化与可持续利用对策[J].地理与地里信息科学,2004,20(1):63-66.]
[16]Tian Wei, Li Xin, Cheng Guodong, et al. Analyzing water comsuption in middle reaches of Heihe River based on groundwater-land surface coupling model[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2012,34(3): 668-679.[田伟,李新,程国栋,等.基于地下水—陆面过程耦合模型的黑河干流中游耗水分析[J].冰川冻土,2012,34(3): 668-679.]
[17]Zhong Fanglei, Xu Zhongmin, Cheng Huaiwen, et al. The history of water resources utilization and management in the middle reaches of Heihe River[J]. Journal of Glaciolgoy and Geocryology,2011,33(3): 692-701.[钟方雷,徐中民,程怀文,等.黑河流域中游水资源开发利用与管理的历史演变[J].冰川冻土, 2011,33(3): 692-701.]
[18]Ji Xibin, Kang Ersi, Zhao Wenzhi, et al. Analysis on supply and demand of water resources and evaluation of the security of water resources in irrigation region of the middle reaches of Heihe River, Northwest China[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2005,28(5): 974-982.[吉喜斌,康尔泗,赵文智,等.黑河中游典型灌区水资源供需平衡及其安全评估[J].中国农业科学, 2005,28(5): 974-982.]
[19]Zhou Jian, Cheng Guodong, Wang Genxu, et al. Analysis of three-water exchange and response to land use integrating remote sensing and numerical simulation of groundwater at mid-reach in Heihe River[J]. Progress in Natural Science, 2009,19(12):1 343-1 354.[周剑,程国栋,王根绪,等. 综合遥感和地下水数值模拟分析黑河中游三水转化及其对土地利用的响应[J].自然科学进展, 2009,19(12):1 343-1 354.]
[20]Li Na, Yang Taibao. Research on LUCC in middle reaches of Heihe River Basin after water redistribution[J]. Journal of Desert Research,2008,28(2): 223-227.[李娜,杨太保.黑河分水后中游地区LUCC监测[J].中国沙漠, 2008,28(2): 223-227.]
[21]Wei Zhi, Jin Huijun, Nan Yongchao, et al. The effect on water environment in middle and downstream area of Heihe River after water allocation[J]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage,2007,26(5):34-37.[魏智,金会军,南永超,等.黑河分水对中下游水环境的影响[J].灌溉排水学报, 2007,26(5):34-37.]
[22]Gansu Province of Statistics. Gansu Province Rural Statistical Yearbook 2000-2010[M]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2000-2010.[甘肃省统计局.甘肃农村统计年鉴2000—2010[M].北京:中国统计出版社,2000—2010.]
[23]Zhang Guanghui, Liu Shaoyu, Zhang Cuiyun, et al. Evolution of groundwater circulation in the Heihe River drainage area[J]. Geology in China, 2004,31(3): 289-293.[张光辉,刘少玉,张翠云,等.黑河流域地下水循环演化规律研究[J].中国地质,2004,31(3): 289-293.]
[24]Cheng Yufei. Study on Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Crop Evapotranspiration in Plain of Themain Heihe River Middle Reaches[D].Lanzhou:Lanzhou University, 2006.[程玉菲. 黑河干流中游平原作物蒸发蒸腾量时空分布研究[D].兰州:兰州大学, 2006.]
[25]Tian Wei, Li Xin, Cheng Guodong, et al. Analyzing water consumption in middle reaches of Heihe River based on groundwater-land surface coupling model[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocrology,2012, 34(3): 668-679.[田伟,李新,程国栋,等. 基于地下水—陆面过程耦合模型的黑河干流中游耗水分析[J]. 冰川冻土,2012, 34(3): 668-679.]
[26]Yang Qiyue. Study on the Environmental Isotope in Precipitation in the Heihe River Basin[D]. Lanzhou:Lanzhou University, 2008.[杨淇越. 黑河流域大气降水环境同位素应用研究[D].兰州:兰州大学, 2008.]
[27]Yang Mingjin, Zhang Bo. The study on affecting factors of runoff changes at Yingluoxia station of Heihe River[J]. Progress in Geography, 2010, 29(2): 166-172.[杨明金, 张勃. 黑河莺落峡站径流变化的影响因素分析[J].地理科学进展, 2010, 29(2): 166-172.]
[28]Zhang Guanghui, Nie Zhenlong, Wang Jinzhe, et al. Isotopic characteristic and recharge effect of groundwater in the water circulation of Heihe River Basin[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(5): 511-519.[张光辉,聂振龙,王金哲,等. 黑河流域水循环过程中地下水同位素特征及补给效应[J]. 地球科学进展,2005, 20(5): 511-519.]
[29]Hu Xinglin, Xiao Honglang, Lan Yongchao, et al. Experimental study of calculating method of river seepage in middle and upper reaches of the Heihe River[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2012, 34(2): 460-468.[胡兴林,肖洪浪,蓝永超, 等. 黑河中上游段河道渗漏量计算方法的试验研究[J]. 冰川冻土,2012,34(2): 460-468.]
[1] 吴胜标, 闻建光, 刘强, 窦宝成, 游冬琴. 黑河流域地表反照率估算及其时空特征分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(6): 680-690.
[2] 曹斌, 张廷军, 彭小清, 郑雷, 牟翠翠, 王庆峰. 黑河流域年冻融指数及其时空变化特征分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(3): 357-366.
[3] 汤秋鸿, 黄忠伟, 刘星才, 韩松俊, 冷国勇, 张学君, 穆梦斐. 人类用水活动对大尺度陆地水循环的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1091-1099.
[4] 王连喜, 吴建生, 李琪, 顾嘉熠, 薛红喜. AquaCrop作物模型应用研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1100-1106.
[5] 尹剑, 占车生, 顾洪亮, 王飞宇. 基于水文模型的蒸散发数据同化实验研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(9): 1075-1084.
[6] 王磊, 李秀萍, 周璟, 刘文彬, 阳坤. 青藏高原水文模拟的现状及未来[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(6): 674-682.
[7] 熊喆. 不同积云对流参数化方案对黑河流域降水模拟的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(5): 590-597.
[8] 彭小清,张廷军,潘小多,王庆峰,钟歆钥,王康,牟翠翠. 祁连山区黑河流域季节冻土时空变化研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(4): 497-508.
[9] 冯起,苏永红,司建华,常宗强,席海洋,郭瑞,陈丽娟,霍红,秦燕燕. 黑河流域生态水文样带调查[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(2): 187-196.
[10] 任庆福, 杨志勇, 李传哲, 张天雪. 变化环境下作物蒸散研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(11): 1227-1238.
[11] 焦其顺,朱忠礼,刘绍民,晋锐,杜帆. 宇宙射线快中子法在农田土壤水分测量中的研究与应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(10): 1136-1143.
[12] 颉耀文,王学强,汪桂生,余林. 基于网格化模型的黑河流域中游历史时期耕地分布模拟[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(1): 71-78.
[13] 晋 锐,李 新,阎保平,罗万明,李秀红,郭建文,马明国,亢 健,张艳林. 黑河流域生态水文传感器网络设计[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(9): 993-1005.
[14] 李新,刘绍民,马明国,肖青,柳钦火,晋锐,车涛,王维真,祁元,李弘毅,朱高峰,郭建文,冉有华. 黑河流域生态—水文过程综合遥感观测联合试验总体设计[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(5): 481-498.
[15] 阳勇, 陈仁升. 冻土水文研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(7): 711-723.