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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (10): 1050-1060    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.10.1050
综述与评述     
陆面过程中植被的描述及其卫星遥感反演——从定性描述向定量描述的发展
何晴,吕达仁
中国科学院大气物理研究所,北京 100029
The Utility of Satellite Observation to Retrieve Vegetation Status for Land Surface Models—Towards Quantitative Description of the Land Surface Vegetation
He Qing,Lü Daren
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,China
 全文: PDF(1055 KB)  
摘要:

植被在陆面参数化方案(Land Surface Parameterizations, LSPs)中的描述经历着从定性描述向定量描述发展的过程。这一方面是由于陆面过程研究的深入,另一方面则得益于地表植被信息获取方式的进步,尤其是卫星遥感技术的发展。对三代LSPs中的植被描述做了简要概述,并介绍了卫星遥感在植被参数反演上的发展和应用情况。其中包括:①定性描述,主要指地表覆盖类型的描述方式;②部分参数定量描述,指SiB2等模式中对LAI等时空变化较大的少数参数由卫星资料直接反演的赋值方式;③植被特征连续分布(VCF)定量描述,一种完全定量的描述方式。

关键词: 陆面过程卫星遥感植被VCF    
Abstract:

The vegetation influences the exchange of energy, mass and momentum between the land surface and atmosphere. With the increase of our understanding and the development of remote sensing, the description of land surface vegetation status is changing in the three generations of land surface parameterizations (LSPs). In the second generation of LSPs, the values of the vegetation parameters are obtained from the land cover maps that are the qualitative descriptions about the land surface. In some third generation of LSPs, some important vegetation parameters are retrieved directly from the satellite data, and this provides a more quantitative description of the vegetation status. Vegetation Continuous Field (VCF) is a quantitative description about the vegetation, which can be viewed as an alternative to the traditional classification approach for using remote sensing data to characterize global land cover. This paper reviews how the descriptions varies from a qualitative one to the more quantitive ones, and introduces the application of satellite remote sensing to retrieving these vegetation variations.

Key words: Vegetation    Satellite    Remote sensing    Land surface parameterizations.
收稿日期: 2008-03-26 出版日期: 2008-10-10
:  Q948.2  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目“基于植被特征连续分布(VCF)的多角度资料遥感反演陆面参数方法研究”(编号:40601063);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“中国西北西部气候和水分过程的变化特征及其相互联系的研究”(编号:KZCX3-SW-229)资助.

通讯作者: 何晴     E-mail: heqing@mail.iap.ac.cn
作者简介: 何晴(1974-),女,浙江诸暨人,助研,博士,主要从事植被辐射传输过程研究.E-mail:heqing@mail.iap.ac.cn
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何晴,吕达仁. 陆面过程中植被的描述及其卫星遥感反演——从定性描述向定量描述的发展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(10): 1050-1060.

He Qing,Lü Daren. The Utility of Satellite Observation to Retrieve Vegetation Status for Land Surface Models—Towards Quantitative Description of the Land Surface Vegetation. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(10): 1050-1060.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.10.1050        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I10/1050

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